Doxycylcine is a tetracycline type antibiotic. It is obtained in the form of tablets, capsules and liquid. It is dispensed under the brand names of Vibramycin and Vibra-Tabs.
This drug is used for a number of bacterial infections like urinary tract infections, gonorrhea, periodontitis, and Chlamydia. It may also be used to treat skin conditions such as acne, other lesions and blemishes associated with rosacea. Certain amoebic infections can also be treated with Doxycycline. This medication works by hindering the growth of bacteria. This drug does not work against viral infections.
Always take as directed. This medication should be taken on an empty stomach with 240ml water (a glass) one hour before eating, or 2 hours after eating. If you get an upset stomach you may take the dose with milk or food but this might reduce the efficacy of the medication. Refrain from lying down for half an hour after a dose.
If using the delayed release capsules, they must be swallowed whole. They should never be chewed or broken up. If you cannot swallow the capsule you may sprinkle the contents into a spoon of sauce, swallow and drink a glass of water afterwards.
Take all doses at the same time each day to make sure your system gets a continual supply. Ensure that you take the full course, even if you feel well. If you do not complete the course the bacteria may survive and a relapse may occur.
Potential side effects
Mild diarrhea, headache, nausea, vomiting, or upset stomach. If these last for more than a couple of days, notify a doctor.
Serious side effects: jaundice of the skin or eyes, stomach pain, mood swings, vision problems. Notify a doctor immediately.
During treatment with Doxycycline you may be more sensitive to the sun. Do not expose yourself to direct sunlight or use a sunlamp or tanning bed. If you have to go outdoors wear clothing that covers your body and apply a sunscreen lotion.
Doxycycline, in rare cases, may cause a serious intestinal problem called pseudomembranous colitis as a result of resistant bacteria. If you have severe diarrhea, mucus or blood in your stools, or severe stomach cramping or pain, notify a doctor immediately. Do not use an over-the-counter diarrhea medication.
Extended use of Doxycycline can cause vaginal yeast infections or oral thrush. If you get white patches in your mouth, or abnormal vaginal discharge, notify a doctor.
Although the chances are unlikely, an allergic reaction to this drug should be immediately reported to a doctor. The symptoms would be trouble breathing, severe dizziness, swelling, itching, or rash.
If you are allergic to Doxycycline or other tetracycline drugs, or any other medical compound, inform your doctor.
Inform your doctor if you have a medical history that includes kidney or liver problems or esophagus related problems.
If you are going to have medical or dental surgery, inform the doctor or dentist that you are taking Doxycycline.
Doxycycline should not be dispensed to children younger than 8 years. Treatment may cause their teeth to become discolored and other medical problems may occur. Extreme caution should be taken if older children take this drug.
This drug is not suitable for use by pregnant or breastfeeding women.